China Goes Beyond Russia as Top Trade Partner in Central Asia

China has actually eclipsed Russia as the primary trade partner of all 5 Main Asian states, according to main stats. Kazakhstan is the most current Main Asian nation to see Beijing pass Moscow in regards to yearly trade turnover.

For the very first 9 months of 2023, China represented a 21.3 percent share (valued at $21.7 billion) of Kazakhstan’s overall foreign trade, according to stats put together by Kazakhstan’s National Stats Bureau. Russia’s trade turnover share totaled up to 18.6 percent ($ 18.9 billion). Basic material and natural deposits represented the bulk of Kazakh exports to China, while Beijing’s trade made up mostly of completed items, consisting of family products, clothes and automobiles. The Energy Senior prom news outlet defined Kazakhstan’s trade relationship with China as “one advance, and 2 actions back,” mentioning flat energy costs and “the predominance of basic materials” in Kazakhstan’s exports.

Chinese figures for bilateral trade vary noticeably from Kazakhstan’s. According to Beijing’s envoy to Kazakhstan, Zhang Xiao, bilateral trade turnover for the very first 10 months of 2023 totaled up to $32.7 billion, marking a 28.5 percent boost in the worth of trade over the very same duration the previous year. Kazakh media report that the figure for the duration was $24.3 billion.

On the other hand, according to Chinese figures, Beijing’s transit trade with Kazakhstan has actually folded the previous year, and presently stands at 1.5 million lots. Chinese authorities state they intend to reach 7.5 million lots of transit trade through Kazakhstan by 2029.

China likewise represented a 21.3 percent trade turnover share (worth $12.23 billion) with Uzbekistan throughout the very first 11 months of 2023, the Uzbek State Stats Company reports Uzbek exports to China amounted to $2.27 billion, and imports $9.96 billion. Russia is Uzbekistan’s 2nd biggest trade turnover partner with a 15.5 percent share (worth $8.86 billion). Uzbek gas exports to China throughout the duration deserved $503 million, practically 2 times less than the quantity for the very same duration in 2022.

Long hold-ups are being reported at some land border crossings in between Kazakhstan and China. For instance, the wait on trucks and automobiles attempting to cross at the Nur Zholy border checkpoint can last more than 11 days, according to the Atameken National Chamber of Business Owners. Trucks bring items are frequently subjected to duplicated evaluations by custom-mades officers “without description,” business group stated, mentioning problems from chauffeurs. Authorities just recently started running the Nur Zholy checkpoint on a day-and-night basis to attend to the border jam problem.

The outlet reported that a previous director of Kazakhstan’s Border Service, Darkhan Dilmanov, was founded guilty of “abuse of power” and got a four-year jail sentence for taking part in a plan including the prohibited transport of items from China to Kazakhstan.


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